Ultimate Guide to Coffee and Caffeine

Whether you keep a light hand on coffee or take a couple of shots after every few hours in a day, everyone has their personal sentiments attached to a cup of coffee. Still, it’s astonishing that most people don’t know about the drug caffeine. Our guide to coffee and caffeine will fill that gap. 

If you are a persistent coffee person, it’s more vital for you to know how much caffeine is in a coffee, let alone what amount of it is safe to consume. We understand that a cup of joe is an integral part of your day and you are addicted to its many benefits. However, understanding different types of coffee and their relation to caffeine is essential. 

This guide will tour you through the world of coffee and caffeine and how they both work in harmony to give you that perfect energizer you crave every morning. We’ll also be discussing some coffee types and how much caffeine they pack so you can tweak your preferences accordingly. 

How is Caffeine Different From Coffee? 

More than 90% of the world’s population consume coffee each day, while 50% of them prefer it in the morning to ward off their morning drowsiness and prepare the body to meet their challenging routines. This waking up aspect within your cup of coffee is all due to the drug caffeine in it, which has also probably earned it a similar name. 

Caffeine and Coffee are two completely different things. Coffee is a brewed drink made by straining water through grounded coffee beans. On the other hand, caffeine is a common psychoactive drug found in multiple substances other than just coffee, like carbonated drinks.

Being a psychoactive drug, caffeine influences normal brain functioning and alternates one’s mood and consciousness. The Food and Drug Administration recognizes caffeine as a legal drug as it does not cause a lot of harm to the bodily systems. However, it is addictive if consumed for a long time.

This means that any individual who consumes it in high doses can develop a physical and psychological dependence on caffeine. Here the good thing is that caffeine addiction is not as intense as the addiction to other drugs.

How Does Caffeine in Coffee Effects? 

Benefits

When consumed in moderate amounts, caffeine’s advantages in coffee are not only limited to freshening you up in the morning and restoring focus. Caffeine induces an adrenaline boost to our system, providing our body with additional energy to handle daily mental and physical tasks. 

Moreover, coffee and caffeine are also powerful enough to affect the nervous, digestive, and cardiovascular systems. Not too much caffeine consumption has been shown to influence people with memory issues positively. 

The compound also improves an individual’s reaction time and critical thinking strength. Some more of the many health benefits of caffeine consumption via coffee include:

  • Reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Regulates mood, anger, and aggression.
  • Minimized chances of heart attacks.  
  • Lower risk of Diabetes Type
  • Increased glycogen in muscles 
  • Reduced risk of oral cancer.
  • Aid in weight loss and fat burning
  • Enhanced endurance performance.
  • Reduced risk of liver cancer.

Side Effects

While stimulation via coffee seems nice when you can’t open your eyes in the morning, prolonged stimulation might turn the tables by getting too much on the mind and both. Excess of nothing, even the most beneficial substance in the world, is harmful, and so is the excess of caffeine. 

Addiction to coffee is not very damaging but not too light to ignore either. When you get used to receiving a regular excessive serving size of caffeine, your body crashes hard. And hence, any sudden unavailability of it causes withdrawal symptoms.

Coming to adenosine, the component that makes caffeine a vital source of reducing many harmful diseases can also cause potential damage to the brain’s blood flow. Surplus of adenosine tends to accumulate excess blood in the brain, causing nasty headaches that chronic coffee users are all too familiar with.

Hence, the most efficient way to reap only the advantages without facing all the caffeine hazards is to consume coffee regularly but in average amounts.

Things to Consider When Finding Coffee With Your Favourite Caffeine Content 

Now that you know what caffeine is and its potential effects on your body, it’s high time to understand critical factors that influence the caffeine content in coffee. Whether you like caffeine high, medium, or low, the factors mentioned below will help you choose your most suitable coffee. 

Type of Coffee Bean

There are multiple varieties of coffee beans around the globe; however, only two have remained the most popular amongst coffee lovers: Robusta and Arabica. You may be wondering, is there a difference between Robusta and Arabica? Sure there is! Both coffee bean types naturally contain different amounts of caffeine.

Arabica is the most popular type of coffee among the two. Due to its sweeter, more complex flavor, most coffee lovers recommend Arabica as it fits best for preparing black coffee. Even though it’s a more famous type of bean, Arabica doesn’t contain as much caffeine content as Robusta.

Maybe that means coffee enthusiasts aren’t all that crazy about caffeine than they are for a balanced taste. Coming to Robusta, it’s a much cheaper plus stronger type of coffee bean. Because of the bitter flavor, Robusta is generally utilized for espresso drinks and in instant coffee mixes. 

If you are that instant awakening shot lover, the full-of-caffeine Robusta beans will be a perfect choice. Their high caffeine content will never let you face drowsiness while you manage your daily chores with absolute focus. 

Arabica

Robusta 

Taste

  • Extensive taste range (depending on its varietal).

  • Taste ranges from sweet-soft to sharp-tangy. 

  • Unroasted Arabica beans smell like blueberries.

  • Roasted Arabica bean's smell is a bit perfumey with notes of fruit and sugar tones.

  • Roasted has an Oatmeal-like taste, somewhere between neutral and harsh.

  • Unroasted smell sort of raw-peanutty

Composition 

1.5% Caffeine and Lots of Sugar

Almost 3% Caffeine and Less Sugar 

Types of Coffee 

  • Typica

  • Caturra

  • Kona

  • Pacamara

  • Villalobos

  • Instant coffee

  • Espresso

Roasting 

Coffee roast also influences how much caffeine content your cup serves. It is roasting that turns raw coffee beans into the flavourful and aromatic coffee that wakes our senses in the morning. With that said, everyone has their go-to roast level, but if you are up to changing your choice depending on the caffeine content, it’s vital to understand the three roast types. 

The most common words to describe different degrees of coffee roasting are Dark, Medium, and Light. On light to medium roasting, caffeine slowly comes out from the bean’s heart resulting in a more rich mixture with an excellent coffee flavor. However, the more you roast, the more caffeine content burns out.

Therefore, if you want a more incredible caffeine punch, keep a light hand while roasting your coffee cause you don’t want the awakening psychoactive drug to drain off. Or else burn on medium heat to produce a drink that is neither too caffeinated nor less caffeinated. For those who want to keep caffeine as low as possible, dark roast is the right choice.  

Type Of Coffee 

Different types of coffee contain different amounts of caffeine. Meaning that the level of psychoactive dose a cup of joe provides can vary significantly between instant coffee, espresso, decaf coffee, or just a regularly brewed one.

“One cup of coffee” can range anywhere from 1–24 oz (20–700 ml), massively affecting the total caffeine content. The table below compares the amount of caffeine within 8 ounces (237ml) of each type of coffee made around the globe. 

Type Of Coffee

Caffeine Content Per Cup (8 Ounce/237 ml) 

Black

Regular coffee made-off ground coffee beans steeped in hot water served warm.

90 mg Of Caffeine 

Instant Coffee 

Quick hot coffee that needs addition of hot water and stirs. 

59 mg Of Caffeine

Espresso

Finely ground coffee of Italian origin that's brewed under pressure

63 mg Of Caffeine

Latte

Composed of a shot of espresso and steamed milk with a bit of a touch of foam. Also ordered with a flavor shot. 

85 mg Of Caffeine

Cappuccino

Type of latte made with extra foam and less steamed milk, often with a sprinkle of cinnamon or cocoa powder on top. 

85 mg Of Caffeine

Americano

Consists of an espresso shot diluted in hot water. Similar flavor to black coffee

35 mg Of Caffeine

Mocha

Chocolate espresso drink with steamed milk and foam

95 mg Of Caffeine

Iced Coffee

A coffee with ice typically served with a dash of milk, cream, or sweetener

90 mg Of Caffeine

Iced Espresso

Espresso coffee with ice 

63 mg Of Caffeine

Cold Brew 

Cold milk or cream added on steeped beans 

138 mg Of Caffeine

Frappuccino 

Blended iced coffee drink that’s topped with whipped cream and syrup

100 mg Of Caffeine

Recommended Products 

Making your morning coffee cup is not as hard as it may seem, but you may need some direction regarding what option can be the best buy. The top 6 choices below are the best coffee beans you can get from the market right now. 

And now that you are halfway through our caffeine and coffee guide, it’s apparent that you’d be more concerned about the coffee content as well. Hence, we have explained how each option stands in the caffeine aspect for you to know precisely how much of the psychoactive boost you will be getting with each cup.  

Product
Visual
Where to Buy
Peet's Coffee, Major Dickason's Blend - Dark Roast Whole Bean Coffee - 18 Ounce Bag
DEATH WISH Whole Bean Coffee [16 oz]
AmazonFresh Colombia Whole Bean Coffee, Medium Roast, 32 Ounce
Lavazza Super Crema Medium Espresso Roast Whole Bean Coffee Blend
Mayorga Organics Café Cubano Dark Roast
Colombian Coffee Beans From Java Planet


1. Peet's Coffee, Major Dickason's Blend - Dark Roast Whole Bean Coffee - 18 Ounce Bag


Peet's Coffee, Major Dickason's Blend

The Peet's Dark Roast Whole Bean Coffee offers a rich, full-bodied, and complex taste best for French press, drip, or cold brew brewing. However, too much excess of the Peet's Beans can result in bitter overtones. The 18-ounce coffee bag features beans sourced from the world’s quality coffee-growing sites and is strictly sorted then hand-roasted in small batches. 

Because the beans belong to the dark roast plus 100% Arabica Coffee and Certified Kosher kind, this option is a good pick for people who prefer low caffeine content. The 18-ounce product comes packed in a bag that's specially designed to keep the ground fresh for a good time.

PROS



  • Hand-roasted in small quantities

  • Rich, full-bodied taste

  • Great to brew at any time of day.

  • Sourced from 9 roasters.

  • Kosher-diet appropriate


CONS 



  • May have a laxative effect



2. DEATH WISH Whole Bean Coffee [16 oz]


DEATH WISH Whole Bean Coffee [16 oz]

Claimed to be the strongest coffee, Death Wish Coffee is a blend of arabica and robusta beans harvested and processed in India and Peru. Death Wish also says that the pack carries two times more caffeine than regular beans despite belonging to the dark roast kind. 

Though the claim of having more caffeine content than typical dark roast blends is true, it's definitely not two times greater. Instead, calling it just a "little more" will seem much more appropriate. Hence for an undiscerning coffee drinker who has built up enough tolerance to caffeine, Death Wish 16 oz Arabica-Robusta blend may be worth a try.

PROS



  • Consistent across brew methods

  • High caffeine content than typical dark roasts

  • Balanced taste

  • USDA Certified Organic


CONS 



  • No sweetness in taste



3. AmazonFresh Colombia Whole Bean Coffee, Medium Roast, 32 Ounce


AmazonFresh Colombia Whole Bean Coffee, Medium Roast, 32 Ounce

If you are looking for a moderate all-around coffee with a gentle aroma and good flavor, the AmazonFresh Colombia Whole Bean Coffee could fit your bill.  Though the Colombian beans smell indeed fresh on opening (probably because they are packed straight after roasting), the taste is much milder. 

Therefore, AmazonFresh offers good versatility for almost all sorts of brewing except espresso. The beans are medium roasted, hence not too caffeinated. They are also not too oily and induce well for making cold and hot brews with extra perks like flavor syrup and cream or vanilla or hazelnut add-ons. 

Conclusively if you like a mild Arabica flavor that offers a moderate psychoactive punch without bitterness or acidity, then this whole Colombian bean from the AmazonFresh lineup could be the right choice. 

PROS



  • Good value all-around coffee bean pack, fitting for French press or drip coffee, hot brews, or cold brews.

  • Guaranteed freshness 

  • Decent quality 

  • Neither too caffeinated nor light


CONS 



  • Not suitable for espresso.

  • Mild taste



4. Lavazza Super Crema Medium Espresso Roast Whole Bean Coffee Blend


Lavazza Super Crema Medium Espresso Roast Whole Bean Coffee Blend

Just like the DEATH WISH Whole Bean Coffee, and as Lavazza's own name implies, this Whole Bean pack contains a unique Robusta plus Arabica blend on offer. The mix's 3-2 ratio helps produce a very rich crema without the acidity of a full Robusta, but with Arabica's sweetness, so much so that it can be used even without sugar.

Again thanks to the perfect ratio of the mix, this package is an absolute miracle for preparing espresso and its subtypes, including Cappuccino, latte, and iced espresso. Moreover, it works reasonably well with the French press too. 

The countries behind the excellent taste are primarily Brazil and Colombia for the Arabica beans and Vietnam and Indonesia for the Robusta beans. Roast is medium, again a nice balance between full flavor, low acidity, decent caffeine punch, and bitterness.

The Lavazza Super Crema Medium Espresso Roast Whole Bean pack is an unrivaled contender for at-home baristas who want to relish the excellent taste of espresso as available at famous coffee sites or Italian bars.

PROS



  • An outstanding balance of Robusta and Arabica produces perfect full cream, delicious taste, and lovely aroma without acidity or bitterness. 

  • Perfect for espresso machines.

  • Fits French presses too. 


CONS 



  • Small rocks in packet



5. Mayorga Organics Café Cubano Dark Roast


Mayorga Organics Café Cubano Dark Roast

A pure Arabica bean extracted from the virgin coffee-producing sites of Latin America by farmers and quality inspecting teams. They are high quality, 100% USDA, kosher and non-GMO verified but most importantly great tasting organic beans offered at a reasonable price. 

Thanks to these qualities, the Mayorga Organics Cafe's pack provides a perfectly smooth and sweet taste, yet rich and smoky. The composition naturally is also deficient in acidity, making the bag great for sensitive people. 

As it is packaged straight after roasting, most users will find the beans more oily than typical ones; however, rest assured about the acidity that's wholly controlled here. Overall, the option is an excellent bold coffee bean that could be used for any brewing. 

PROS



  • Good value organic beans produced with USDA standards in mind.  

  • Belong to the rich Latin American lands. 

  • Quality inspected after getting harvested by experienced farmers

  • Excellent taste, full aroma with no bitterness. 


CONS 



  • Too low on caffeine



6. Colombian Coffee Beans From Java Planet


Colombian Coffee Beans From Java Planet

Can't skip your daily cup of joe but are worried about how bean extraction damages the environment? Java Planet's Colombian Coffee Beans is the solution. You can hardly get a coffee beans pack more farmer plus environment friendly than these Colombian beans. They are Rainforest Alliance compliant to Colombian natural forest.

To start with, these Arabica medium roast beans are grown organically in bird-friendly farms, closely considering the USDA standards. They are gourmet specialist award-winning beans with very low acidity, which taste good and pose no harm to coffee enthusiasts sensitive to acidity.

After being harvested from the Colombian land, the beans are roasted in small batches to ensure better control of the roast quality. The unique technique also allows roasters to make changes during the process efficiently, ultimately boosting the beans' quality checking process. 

What about flavor and aroma, then? Well, thanks to the careful handling of the beans, users will be greeted by the freshest coffee smell immediately upon opening the bag. 

Conclusively, if you’re looking for high standard, medium caffeinated, low acidity, Colombian organic beans that taste and smell great, the Java Planet Colombian coffee beans are the perfect deal.

PROS



  • Shade and organically grown, forest friendly, bird-friendly, GMO-free, and USDA certified.

  • Excellent flavor and aroma.

  • Controlled bitterness and acidity. 


CONS 



  • Rocks in packet



Final Word 

Caffeine in coffee is really a wonder of a drug. It can boost your ability to stay awake while doing everyday tasks and positively affect your routine and your health. However, like excess of every substance, overconsumption of coffee might also run the risk of damaging your health. 

All things aside, keeping everything about caffeine in mind, searching for the right coffee bean or ground coffee is not that difficult once you know how much of a psychoactive wake you want. 

If you like it high, Lavazza Super Crema and DEATH WISH Whole Bean Coffee will make the best coffee for you. If not high but a very slight caffeine punch is what you want to enjoy in your cup of coffee, then look no further than Peet’s Coffee.